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Overview

The ZiS-19 is a tank gun developed in 1941 for the T-60.

The ZiS-19 was developed by Zavod 92 of ZiS with development starting in August 1941. The ZiS-19 had the same ballistics and ammo of the 61-K anti-aircraft gun. The ZiS-19 was promoted by the design bureau, so it was to be tested along with the 45mm 20-K. The ZiS-19 was considered the more promising proposal, the 45mm 20-K was much heavier than both the ZiS-19 and the TNSh already mounted in the T-60. The 20-K made the turret unbalanced and created difficulty when attempting to turn the turret with the gun at high elevations. A 30kg counterweight was proposed to be mounted, but that would have made the already cramped turret even more cramped.

Zavod 92 was tasked with the production the the ZiS-19 prototype by January 15th, 1942, with a completed tank expected for trials to be ready on February 1st. Zavod 92 completed working blueprints from December 20, 1941 through January 19th, 1942. The prototype was constructed from January 12th - 19th. The ZiS-19 was mounted in the turret on January 19th, and a completed turret arrived on January 27. The blueprints of the ZiS-19, including a list of parts and its characteristics were sent to GAZ on January 14th.

The ZiS-19 was installed with minimal changes to the tank. Only a few changes were needed, none of which were difficult. The seat was shifted to the left, the gun was installed in a modified gun mount, and a new gun mantlet was created. The gun took up less space compared to the 20-K and the TNSh.

The deadlines were missed, gunnery trials went from February 21 - 24, 1942. 181 shots were fired from various elevation angles. The gun was considered satisfactory in most aspects. Complaints included the small size of the turret and the uncomfortable seat.

On the 27th of February, 1942, Artkom instructed that the T-60 with the 45mm 20-K and the T-60 with the 37mm ZiS-19 should be sent to the Gorohovets proving grounds by March 9th. However this didn't pan out, instead modifications to the T-60 with the ZiS-19 were made. Major reconstruction of the turret was made, the match was moved from the roof to the rear, and an observation device from the T-70 was place there instead. The turret shape was changed, the mantlet was now cast. The gunsight was moved to the left, and the DT coaxial machine gun was put in its place. The tank arrived at Gorohovets proving grounds on March 27th. The GAZ T-60 armed with the 45mm 20-K didn't arrive either, instead the T-70 tank arrived on the 18th of April.

Trials of the T-60 armed with the ZiS-19 in the new turret began on April 19. The gun proved to be equivalent to the 45mm 20-K in penetration, precision and rate of fire, but the higher velocity of the 37mm gun reduced the lifespan of the ZiS-19, and the HE shell was inferior. This meant that the ZiS-19 would not be as effective versus infantry, and that was an issue as it was one of the intended roles. The ZiS-19 was commended for it's performance none-the-less, and if the defects could be resolved it could have been used on the T-70. However it was too late, by July 19th the T-60 was out of date, and the T-60 ceased production. The ZiS-19 could have been considered for use in the T-70, but the new 45mm VT-42 was considered more promising.

Soviet Union 1936-1955 Russian Weapons of the Second World War Soviet Union Warflag - Red Army
Infantry Weapons
Melee Weapons NR-40
Semi-Automatic Pistols TKTT-33TT-34
Revovlers Nagant M1895
Bolt-Action Rifles Mosin-Nagant (Mosin M1891Mosin M1891 DragoonMosin M1891 CossackMosin M1891 CarbineMosin M1891/30Mosin M1938 CarbineMosin M1944 Carbine)
Semi-Automatic Rifles SKS-45SVT-38SVT-40
Assault Rifles AVS-36AVT-40Fedorov
Submachine Guns PPD-34PPD-34/38PPD-40PPSh-41PPS-42PPS-43Tokarev M1927
Light Machine Guns Maxim-Tokarev
General Purpose Machine Guns / Medium Machine Guns DPDPMDS-39SG-43SGM
Heavy Machine Guns PM M1910DShK-38PV-1
Anti-Tank Rifles PTRDPTRS-41
Grenade Launchers Ampulomet 1941
Flare Guns [[]]
Rifle Grenade Launchers [[]]
Anti-Personnel Grenades F-1M1914M1914/30RG-41RG-42RGD-33
Chemical and Incendiary M1917 Chemical
Anti-Tank Grenades RPG-6RPG-40RPG-43
Smoke Grenades [[]]
Disposable Rocket Launchers [[]]
Rocket Launchers [[]]
Flamethrowers ROKS-2ROKS-3
Anti-Personnel Mines [[]]
Anti-Tank Mines TM-35TM-38TM-41TM-44TMB-1TMB-2TMSBTMD-40TMD-44TMD-B
Infantry Mortars 37mm Spade Mortar50mm RM-3882mm M-3782mm M-41
Artillery
Anti-Aircraft Guns 25mm 72-K37mm 61-K45mm 21-K76mm 3-K
Anti-Tank Guns 37mm 1-K45mm 19-K45mm 53-K45mm M-4257mm ZiS-2100mm BS-3100mm D-10
Field Guns 76mm F-22 (USV)76mm M1902/3076mm ZiS-385mm D-4485mm U-10100mm BS-3107mm M1910/30107mm M-60122mm A-19
Howitzers 122mm M1909/37122mm M1910/30122mm M-30152mm D-1152mm NM152mm M-10152mm ML-21152mm M1909/30152mm M1910/37
Mountain Guns 76mm 76-0976mm M1938
Mortars 107mm PM-38120mm PM-38120mm PM-43160mm M-43
Railroad Artillery [[]]
Regimental Guns 76mm M192776mm OB-25
Rocket Artillery [[]]
Rocket Munitions M-8M-13
Siege Artillery 152mm B-10152mm B-30152mm Br-2152mm Br-19152mm M1910/30152mm M1910/34180mm Br-21203mm B-4210mm Br-17280mm Br-5280mm M1914/15305mm Br-18
Land Vehicle Weapons
Vehicle Machine Guns DTDTMSGMT
20mm Cannons TNSh
37mm Cannons 5-K61-KSh-37ZiS-19
45mm Cannons 20-K
57mm Cannons ZiS-2ZiS-4 (M)
76.2mm Cannons F-32F-34F-96L-7L-10L-11L-15KT-28Model 1902/30PS-3ZiS-3ZiS-5
85mm Cannons D-5SD-5TZiS-23ZiS-25ZiS-S-53
100mm Cannons D-10CD-10SD-10T
107mm Cannons F-42ZiS-6ZiS-24
122mm Cannons A-19D-25-44TD-25SD-25S-44D-25TD-30TM-30
130mm Cannons B-13S-70
152.4mm Cannons D-15NMM-10TML-20S
Aircraft Weapons & Munitions
Aircraft 7.62 Machine Guns DAPV-1ShKASSNShVAKUB
Aircraft Cannons below & including 30mm B-20NS-23NS-23SShVAKVYa-23
Aircraft Cannons above 30mm NS-37NS-45Sh-37
Aircraft Rockets, HE ROFS-132RS-82RS-132
Aircraft Rockets, AP BRS-82BRS-132
Aircraft Bombs, High Explosive RRAB-1RRAB-2RRAB-3
Aircraft Bombs, Armor-Piercing PTAB
Naval Weapons & Munitions
Naval 7.62 Machine Guns [[]]
Naval Cannons below & including 30mm [[]]
Naval Cannons above 30mm 100mm B-24