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Overview

The BM-30 Smerch () is a Soviet multiple rocker launcher system, based on the MAZ-543M or MAZ-79111 chassis.

Variants

9A52-2

Standard model.

9A52-4 Tornado

Lighter, airmobile version on the KamAZ-6350 truck chassis with modular 6-round rocket pack. First demonstrated in 2007.

9A52-2T

9A52-2T

Indian 9A52-2T

Export version. Based on a Tatra T816 10x10 truck chassis.

Ammunition

9M55K

Cluster Munition, Anti-personnel

  • Rocket Weight: 800kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 243kg
  • Warhead Submunition: 72 x 1.76kg (each with 96 x 4.5g fragments)
  • Self-Destruct Time: 110 seconds
  • Range: 20 - 50km

9M55K1

Cluster Munition, Self-Guided Anti-Tank

  • Rocket Weight: 800kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 243kg
  • Warhead Submunition: 5 x 15kg
  • Range: 20 - 50km

9M55K4

Cluster Munition, Anti-Tank Minelets

  • Rocket Weight: 800kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 243kg
  • Warhead Submunition: 25 x 5kg mines
  • Self-Destruct Time: 24 hours
  • Range: 20 - 50km

9M55K5

High-Explosive Anti-Tank / High-Explosive Fragmentation

  • Rocket Weight: 800kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 243kg
  • Warhead Submunition: 646 x 0.25kg
  • Self-Destruct Time: 260 seconds
  • Range: 20 - 50km

9M55F

Separable High-Explosive Fragmentation

  • Rocket Weight: 800kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 258kg
  • Range: 20 - 50km

9M55C

Thermobaric

  • Rocket Weight: 800kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 253kg
  • Range: 20 - 50km

9M528

High-Explosive Fragmentation

  • Rocket Weight: 815kg
  • Rocket Length: 7.6m
  • Warhead Weight: 243kg
  • Range: 25 - 90km

Operators

Current Operators

  • Algeria - 20 systems in 1999.
  • Azerbaijan - 30 systems.
  • Belarus - 48 systems in 1990.
  • India - 42 9A52-2T systems.
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kuwait - 27 systems in 1996.
  • Morocco - 36 PHL03/AR2 Chinese versions.
  • Russia - 106.
  • Syria
  • Turkmenistan - 6 9A52-2T systems in 2008/09
  • Ukraine - 80.
  • United Arab Emirates - 6 systems.
  • Venezuela - 12 systems.

Former Operators

  • Soviet Union - All units passed to successor states.

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