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Overview

The Colt 1851 Navy Revolver also known as Navy Revolver, and Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolver, is a cap and ball revolver that was designed by Samuel Colt between 1847 and 1850. Colt first called this Revolver Ranger model; but the designation Navy quickly took over. It remained in production until 1873, when revolvers using fixed metallic cartridges came into widespread use. Total production numbers were exceeded only by the Colt Pocket models in concurrent development, and numbered some 250,000 domestic units and about 22,000 produced in the Colt London Armory.

Characteristics

The .36 caliber Navy revolver was much lighter than the contemporary Colt Dragoon Revolvers developed from the .44 Walker Colt revolvers of 1847, which, given their size and weight, were generally carried in saddle holsters.[2] It is an enlarged version of the .31 caliber Colt Pocket Percussion Revolvers, that evolved from the earlier Baby Dragoon, and, like them, is a mechanically improved and simplified descendant of the 1836 Paterson revolver. As the factory designation implied, the Navy revolver was suitably sized for carrying in a belt holster. It became very popular in North America at the time of Western expansion. Colt's aggressive promotions distributed the Navy and his other revolvers across Europe, Asia, and Africa. As with many other Colt revolvers, it has a six-round cylinder.

The .36 caliber (.375–.380 inch) round lead ball weighs 80 grains and, at a velocity of 1,000 feet per second, is comparable to the modern .380 pistol cartridge in power. Loads consist of loose powder and ball or bullet, metallic foil cartridges (early), and combustible paper cartridges (Civil War era), all combinations being ignited by a fulminate percussion cap applied to the nipples at the rear of the chamber.

Operators

Britain Union Jack v3 Australia

Austria-Hungary 1869-1918 Austria-Hungary

Canada 1801-1868 Canada

CSA 1861-1863 Confederate States of America

Ottoman Ottoman Empire

Poland 1919-1928 1980-Present Poland

Prussia Prussia

The Prussians captured a number of revolvers from the Russians.

Russia byw Russian Empire

Britain Union Jack v3 United Kingdom

USA (30S) United States of America

American Civil War
Firearms Breech Loaded Rifle Sharps Rifle
Rifle Muskets Lorenz Model 1854Springfield Model 1861Springfield Model 1863
Revolvers Colt 1851 Navy Revolver
Artillery Field Guns 3-inch Wrought Iron Rifle

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