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Overview

One of the most successful Cruiser tanks fielded by Britain during WWII. Named after Oliver Cromwell.

Variants

Cruiser Mk VIII, Centaur

Centaur I

Equipped with the Royal Ordnance QF 6 Pounder Mk III (57mm) cannon with 64 rounds of ammunition. Only used for training. 1059 were built.

Centaur II

Experimental Centaur 1 with wider tracks and no hull MG.

Centaur III

Centaur armed with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V cannon. ~223 produced.

Centaur IV

Armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer with 51 rounds of ammunition. This is the only Centaur model known to see combat. The vehicles were equipped with wading gear to assist in shore landings with the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group. Trunking waterproofed and engine inlets and covers were fitted to the guns. 114 produced.

Centaur, AA Mk I

A Crusader III, AA Mk II turret fitted with twin 20mm Polsten cannons. Originally developed in Normandy, but withdrawn as unnecessary due to Allied air superiority. 95 were produced.

Centaur, AA Mk II

A Crusader III, AA Mk III turret fitted with twin 20mm Polsten cannons.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell

A w after the Roman numeral depicts a welded instead of riveted hull.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell I

Same as Centaur I, but using a Meteor engine. ~357 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell II

Increased track width and removal of the hull MG to increase stowage. None produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell III

Centaur I upgraded with Meteor engine. ~200 produced. Unknown differences between Cromwell I and III.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell IV

Centaur I or III upgraded with Meteor engine, or built from scratch. >1935 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell IVw

Welded hull version of Cromwell IV.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell Vw

Cromwell built from the start with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V gun and a welded hull instead of riveted hull.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VI

Cromwell armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VII

Cromwell IV and Cromwell V upgraded with additional armour (101mm to front), wider 15.5in tracks, and an additional gearbox. Produced late in the war and did not see much combat. ~1500 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VIIw

Cromwell Vw reworked to Cromwell VII standard, or built as new to that standard.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VIII

Cromwell VI reworked with the same upgrades as the VII.

Designs Based on Chassis

Cruiser, Challenger

A lengthened Cromwell chassis and widened structure to mount a new turret featuring a Royal Ordnance 17 Pounder.

SP 17pdr, Avenger

This vehicle was the same as the Challenger above, but with a lighter, open-topped turret.

Heavy Assault, Excelsior

A heavy assault tank developed because there was concerns about the Churchill being too slow and unreliable. This design follows the concept of the Churchill, but on the Cromwell chassis. Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 75mm.

FV4101 Charioteer

Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 20 Pounder (84mm), this Medium Tank / Tank Destroyer was a Cromwell chassis with a new turret to accommodate the large main gun. Designed in 1950s.

Centaur Dozer

A Centaur with the turret removed and given a simple dozer blade. The winch passed over the top of the hull so it was not possible to retain the turret. 250 produced.

Centaur Observation Post (OP)

A Centaur with a dummy main gun, and extra radio communications.

Centaur Kangaroo

A Centaur with the turret removed to make space for passengers.

Centaur Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV)

A Centaur with turret removed and replaced with a winch, and an optional A-frame.

Cromwell Command

The main gun was removed and it carried one No.19 (Low Power) and one No.19 (High Power) wireless sets. These were used by brigade and divisional HQ.

Cromwell Observation Post (OP)

Cromwell IV, VI or VIII fitted with extra radio equipment (2x No.19, 2x No.38). The main gun was still functional.

Cromwell Control

Two No.19 (Lower Power) radios. Main gun functional, used by Regimental HQ.

Further Production

A28

A Cromwell with increased armour and skirting plates.

A30

Known as the SP 17pdr, Avenger above.

A31

Projected Cromwell with heavier armour.

A32

Projected Cromwell with armour equal to Churchill standards.

A33

Known as the Heavy Assault, Excelsior above.

A34

The Cruiser, Comet.

A35

Projected heavier Cromwell.

Other

Tanks of comparable role, performance and era

UK General Staff 'A' Vehicles - Tracked
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks A4E1A4E2A4E3A4E4A4E5A4E6A4E7A4E8A4E9A4E10A4E13A4E14A4E15A4E16A4E17A4E18A4E19A4E20A5E1A17E1A18E1A25E1A46
Amphibious Light Tanks A4E11A4E12
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks A2E1A2E2A3E1A6E1A6E2A6E3A8E1
Cruiser Tanks A9E1A10E1A10E2A10E3A13E1A13E2A13E3A13 Mk IA13 Mk IIA13 Mk IIIA15E1A19E1A24E1A27LA27MA28A29A30 ChallengerA31A32A34A35A36A41A41*A41AA41SA41TA44
Infantry Tanks A11E1A12E1A20E1A20E2A21E1A22E1A22FA23E1A26A38A42A43
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks A1E1 Vickers IndependentA7E1A7E2A7E3A45
Heavy Cruiser Tanks A14E1A14E2A16E1
Heavy Assault Tanks A33A37A39
Self-Propelled Guns Tank Destroyers A30 Avenger
Self-Propelled Gun A22D
UK Land Vehicles of WWII - Tracked
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks Carden-Loyd Mk VIILight Mk ILight Mk IALight Mk IILight Mk IIALight Mk IIBLight Mk II Indian Pattern No.1Light Mk II Indian Pattern No.2Vickers Carden-LoydLight Mk VII, TetrarchA18E1Light Mk VIII, Harry HopkinsFV301
Amphibious Light Tanks A4E11A4E12
Medium / Other Tanks Standard Medium Tanks Medium Mk IMedium Mk I CSA3E1Medium Mk IIMedium Mk IIIA8E1
Cruiser Tanks Cruiser Mk ICruiser Mk IICruiser Mk IIICruiser Mk IVCruiser Mk V, CovenanterCruiser Mk VI, CrusaderA19E1Cruiser Mk VII, CavalierCruiser Mk VIII, Centaur SeriesCentaur ICentaur IICentaur IIICentaur IV (CS)Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell SeriesCromwell ICromwell IICromwell IIICromwell IVCromwell VCromwell VI (CS)Cromwell VIICromwell VIII (CS)A28A29Cruiser Mk VIII, ChallengerA31A32A34A35A36Cruiser, Centurion ICruiser, Centurion IICruiser, Centurion 4Cruiser, CometSherman ICSherman IC HybridSherman IIICSherman IVCSherman VCSherman VIIC
Infantry Tanks Infantry Mk I, Matilda IInfantry Mk II, Matilda SeriesMatilda IIMatilda IIAMatilda II (CS)Matilda IIIMatilda III (CS)Matilda IVMatilda IV (CS)Valentine SeriesValentine IValentine IIValentine IIIValentine IVValentine VValentine VIValentine VIIValentine VIIAValentine VIIIValentine IXValentine XValentine XIA20E1A20E2A21E1Churchill SeriesChurchill IChurchill IIChurchill II (CS)Churchill IIIChurchill III AVREChurchill III NA75Churchill IVChurchill IV AVREChurchill IV NA75Churchill V (CS)Churchill VIChurchill VIIChurchill VII AVREChurchill VIIIChurchill IXChurchill IX LTChurchill XChurchill X LTChurchill XIChurchill XI LTA23E1A26Infantry, ValiantInfantry, Black Prince
Flamethrowing Tanks Churchill II OkeChurchill III OkeChurchill VII Crocodile
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks A1E1 Vickers IndependentA7E1A7E2A7E3Heavy, ConquerorHeavy, TOG 1Heavy, TOG 2Heavy, TOG 2*
Heavy Cruiser Tanks A14E1A14E2A16E1
Assault Tanks AT 1AT 2AT 3AT 4AT 5AT 6AT 7AT 7AAT 8AT 9AT 10AT 13AT 14AT 15AT 15AAT 16AT 17AT 18Heavy Assault, ExcelsiorA37Heavy Assault, Tortoise
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Centaur, AA Mk ICentaur, AA Mk II
Self-Propelled Gun Gun Carrier, 3in, Mk I, Churchill
Self-Propelled Howitzer SP 25pdr, ArcherSP 25pdr, BishopSP 25pdr, Loyd
Tank Destroyers SP 6pdr, MolinsSP 17pdr, AchillesSP 17pdr, ArcherSP 17pdr, Avenger
Utility Bridge Laying Churchill III ARKChurchill IV ARK
Repair & Recovery Churchill I ARVChurchill II ARVChurchill III ARVChurchill IV ARV
Transport & Towing Churchill Kangaroo
Armoured Spotlight Churchill II, CDLGrant, CDLValentine, CDL
UK Land Vehicles of WWII - Half-Tracks
Tankettes Crossley-Martel TanketteMorris-Martel Tankette
Transport & Towing Crossley BGVM5 HalftrackM5A1 HalftrackM5A2 HalftrackM9 HalftrackM9A1 Halftrack
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Burford HalftrackM17 MGMC
UK Land Vehicles of WWII - Wheeled
Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars AEC Mk IAEC Mk IIAEC Mk IIIDiamler Mk IDaimler Mk IIDaimler Dingo Mk IDaimler Dingo Mk IADaimler Dingo Mk IBDaimler Dingo Mk IIDaimler Dingo Mk III
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun AEC AA
Transport & Towing AEC Matador 0853Albion BY3NAustin 10Austin K2/YAustin K3/YFAustin K30Chevrolet 1.5 tonChevrolet 1311X3 15cwtChevrolet 1533X2 30cwtChevrolet C8Chevrolet Standard 40CMP Ford 8cwtFord 15cwtFord C8AFord F30Ford WOA2Humber FFWHumber FWDHumber Staff SaloonHumber Super SnipeWillys MB
Amphibious Transport & Towing Terrapin
Motorcycles Ariel W/NGBSA (W)M20Triumph-3HWTriumph-3SW

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