OverviewOne of the most successful Cruiser tanks fielded by Britain during WWII. Named after Oliver Cromwell.
Equipped with the Royal Ordnance QF 6 Pounder Mk III (57mm) cannon with 64 rounds of ammunition. Only used for training. 1059 were built.
Experimental Centaur 1 with wider tracks and no hull MG.
Centaur armed with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V cannon. ~223 produced.
Armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer with 51 rounds of ammunition. This is the only Centaur model known to see combat. The vehicles were equipped with wading gear to assist in shore landings with the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group. Trunking waterproofed and engine inlets and covers were fitted to the guns. 114 produced.
Centaur, AA Mk I
Centaur, AA Mk II
Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell
A w after the Roman numeral depicts a welded instead of riveted hull.
Same as Centaur I, but using a Meteor engine. ~357 produced.
Increased track width and removal of the hull MG to increase stowage. None produced.
Centaur I upgraded with Meteor engine. ~200 produced. Unknown differences between Cromwell I and III.
Centaur I or III upgraded with Meteor engine, or built from scratch. >1935 produced.
Welded hull version of Cromwell IV.
Cromwell built from the start with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V gun and a welded hull instead of riveted hull.
Cromwell armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer.
Cromwell IV and Cromwell V upgraded with additional armour (101mm to front), wider 15.5in tracks, and an additional gearbox. Produced late in the war and did not see much combat. ~1500 produced.
Cromwell Vw reworked to Cromwell VII standard, or built as new to that standard.
Cromwell VI reworked with the same upgrades as the VII.
Designs Based on Chassis
A lengthened Cromwell chassis and widened structure to mount a new turret featuring a Royal Ordnance 17 Pounder.
This vehicle was the same as the Challenger above, but with a lighter, open-topped turret.
A heavy assault tank developed because there was concerns about the Churchill being too slow and unreliable. This design follows the concept of the Churchill, but on the Cromwell chassis. Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 75mm.
Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 20 Pounder (84mm), this Medium Tank / Tank Destroyer was a Cromwell chassis with a new turret to accommodate the large main gun. Designed in 1950s.
A Centaur with the turret removed and given a simple dozer blade. The winch passed over the top of the hull so it was not possible to retain the turret. 250 produced.
Centaur Observation Post (OP)
A Centaur with a dummy main gun, and extra radio communications.
A Centaur with the turret removed to make space for passengers.
Centaur Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV)
A Centaur with turret removed and replaced with a winch, and an optional A-frame.
The main gun was removed and it carried one No.19 (Low Power) and one No.19 (High Power) wireless sets. These were used by brigade and divisional HQ.
Cromwell Observation Post (OP)
Cromwell IV, VI or VIII fitted with extra radio equipment (2x No.19, 2x No.38). The main gun was still functional.
Two No.19 (Lower Power) radios. Main gun functional, used by Regimental HQ.
A Cromwell with increased armour and skirting plates.
Known as the SP 17pdr, Avenger above.
Projected Cromwell with heavier armour.
Projected Cromwell with armour equal to Churchill standards.
Known as the Heavy Assault, Excelsior above.
The Cruiser, Comet.
Projected heavier Cromwell.
Tanks of comparable role, performance and era
- AC1 Sentinel
- Ram II
- Panzerkampfwagen IV
- Turán III
- Carro Armato P 40
- Type 3 Chi-Nu
- Stridsvagn m/42
- Medium Tank, M4
|UK Land Vehicles of WWII - Half-Tracks|
|Tankettes||Crossley-Martel Tankette • Morris-Martel Tankette|
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|UK Land Vehicles of WWII - Wheeled|
|Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars||AEC Mk I • AEC Mk II • AEC Mk III • Diamler Mk I • Daimler Mk II • Daimler Dingo Mk I • Daimler Dingo Mk IA • Daimler Dingo Mk IB • Daimler Dingo Mk II • Daimler Dingo Mk III|
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