One of the most successful Cruiser tanks fielded by Britain during WWII. Named after Oliver Cromwell.


Cruiser Mk VIII, Centaur

Centaur I

Equipped with the Royal Ordnance QF 6 Pounder Mk III (57mm) cannon with 64 rounds of ammunition. Only used for training. 1059 were built.

Centaur II

Experimental Centaur 1 with wider tracks and no hull MG.

Centaur III

Centaur armed with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V cannon. ~223 produced.

Centaur IV

Armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer with 51 rounds of ammunition. This is the only Centaur model known to see combat. The vehicles were equipped with wading gear to assist in shore landings with the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group. Trunking waterproofed and engine inlets and covers were fitted to the guns. 114 produced.

Centaur, AA Mk I

A Crusader III, AA Mk II turret fitted with twin 20mm Polsten cannons. Originally developed in Normandy, but withdrawn as unnecessary due to Allied air superiority. 95 were produced.

Centaur, AA Mk II

A Crusader III, AA Mk III turret fitted with twin 20mm Polsten cannons.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell

A w after the Roman numeral depicts a welded instead of riveted hull.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell I

Same as Centaur I, but using a Meteor engine. ~357 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell II

Increased track width and removal of the hull MG to increase stowage. None produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell III

Centaur I upgraded with Meteor engine. ~200 produced. Unknown differences between Cromwell I and III.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell IV

Centaur I or III upgraded with Meteor engine, or built from scratch. >1935 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell IVw

Welded hull version of Cromwell IV.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell Vw

Cromwell built from the start with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V gun and a welded hull instead of riveted hull.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VI

Cromwell armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VII

Cromwell IV and Cromwell V upgraded with additional armour (101mm to front), wider 15.5in tracks, and an additional gearbox. Produced late in the war and did not see much combat. ~1500 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VIIw

Cromwell Vw reworked to Cromwell VII standard, or built as new to that standard.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VIII

Cromwell VI reworked with the same upgrades as the VII.

Designs Based on Chassis

Cruiser, Challenger

A lengthened Cromwell chassis and widened structure to mount a new turret featuring a Royal Ordnance 17 Pounder.

SP 17pdr, Avenger

This vehicle was the same as the Challenger above, but with a lighter, open-topped turret.

Heavy Assault, Excelsior

A heavy assault tank developed because there was concerns about the Churchill being too slow and unreliable. This design follows the concept of the Churchill, but on the Cromwell chassis. Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 75mm.

FV4101 Charioteer

Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 20 Pounder (84mm), this Medium Tank / Tank Destroyer was a Cromwell chassis with a new turret to accommodate the large main gun. Designed in 1950s.

Centaur Dozer

A Centaur with the turret removed and given a simple dozer blade. The winch passed over the top of the hull so it was not possible to retain the turret. 250 produced.

Centaur Observation Post (OP)

A Centaur with a dummy main gun, and extra radio communications.

Centaur Kangaroo

A Centaur with the turret removed to make space for passengers.

Centaur Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV)

A Centaur with turret removed and replaced with a winch, and an optional A-frame.

Cromwell Command

The main gun was removed and it carried one No.19 (Low Power) and one No.19 (High Power) wireless sets. These were used by brigade and divisional HQ.

Cromwell Observation Post (OP)

Cromwell IV, VI or VIII fitted with extra radio equipment (2x No.19, 2x No.38). The main gun was still functional.

Cromwell Control

Two No.19 (Lower Power) radios. Main gun functional, used by Regimental HQ.

Further Production


A Cromwell with increased armour and skirting plates.


Known as the SP 17pdr, Avenger above.


Projected Cromwell with heavier armour.


Projected Cromwell with armour equal to Churchill standards.


Known as the Heavy Assault, Excelsior above.


The Cruiser, Comet.


Projected heavier Cromwell.


Tanks of comparable role, performance and era

UK General Staff 'A' Vehicles - Tracked
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks A.4E1A.4E2A.4E3A.4E4A.4E5A.4E6A.4E7A.4E8A.4E9A.4E10A.4E13A.4E14A.4E15A.4E16A.4E17A.4E18A.4E19A.4E20A.5E1A.17E1A.18E1A.25E1A.46
Amphibious Light Tanks A.4E11A.4E12
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks A.2E1A.2E2A.3E1A.6E1A.6E2A.6E3A.8E1
Cruiser Tanks A.9E1A.10E1A.10E2A.10E3A.13E1A.13E2A.13E3A.13 Mk IA.13 Mk IIA.13 Mk IIIA.15E1A.19E1A.24E1A.27LA.27MA.28A.29A.30 ChallengerA.31A.32A.34A.35A.36A.41A.41*A.41AA.41SA.41TA.44
Infantry Tanks A.11E1A.12E1A.20E1A.20E2A.21E1A.22E1A.22FA.23E1A.26A.38A.42A.43
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks A.1E1 Vickers IndependentA.7E1A.7E2A.7E3A.45
Heavy Cruiser Tanks A.14E1A.14E2A.16E1
Heavy Assault Tanks A.33A.37A.39
Self-Propelled Guns Tank Destroyers A.30 Avenger
Self-Propelled Gun A.22D
UK UK Land Vehicles of WWII UK Warflag
Tracked Vehicles
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks Carden-Loyd Mk VIILight Mk ILight Mk IALight Mk IILight Mk IIALight Mk IIBLight Mk II Indian Pattern No.1Light Mk II Indian Pattern No.2Vickers Carden-LoydLight Mk VII, TetrarchA18E1Light Mk VIII, Harry HopkinsFV301
Amphibious Light Tanks A4E11A4E12
Medium / Other Tanks Standard Medium Tanks Medium Mk IMedium Mk I CSA3E1Medium Mk IIMedium Mk IIIA8E1
Cruiser Tanks Cruiser Mk ICruiser Mk IICruiser Mk IIICruiser Mk IVCruiser Mk V, CovenanterCruiser Mk VI, CrusaderA19E1Cruiser Mk VII, CavalierCruiser Mk VIII, Centaur (IIIIIIIV (CS))Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell (IIIIIIIVVVI (CS)VIIVIII (CS))A.28A.29Cruiser Mk VIII, ChallengerA.31A.32A.34A.35A.36Cruiser, Centurion ICruiser, Centurion IICruiser, Centurion 4Cruiser, CometSherman (II HybridIBIBYICIIIIAIIAYIICIIIIIIAIIIAYIIICIVIVAIVBIVBYIVCVVCVIVIIVIIC)
Infantry Tanks Infantry Mk I, Matilda IInfantry Mk II, Matilda II (IIIIIAII (CS)IIIIII (CS)IVIV (CS))Valentine (IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIAVIIIIXXXI)A.20E1A.20E2A.21E1Churchill (IIIII (CS)IIIIII AVREIII NA75IVIV AVREIV NA75V (CS)VIVIIVII AVREVIIIIXIX LTXX LTXIXI LT)A.23E1A.26Infantry, ValiantInfantry, Black Prince
Flamethrowing Tanks Churchill II OkeChurchill III OkeChurchill VII CrocodileSherman III AdderSherman V Adder
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks A1E1 Vickers IndependentA7E1A7E2A7E3Heavy, ConquerorHeavy, TOG 1Heavy, TOG 2Heavy, TOG 2*
Heavy Cruiser Tanks A14E1A14E2A16E1
Assault Tanks A.T.1A.T.2A.T.3A.T.4A.T.5A.T.6A.T.7A.T.7AA.T.8A.T.9A.T.10A.T.13A.T.14A.T.15A.T.15AA.T.16A.T.17A.T.18Heavy Assault, CommodoreA.37Heavy Assault, Tortoise
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Centaur, AA Mk ICentaur, AA Mk II
Self-Propelled Gun Gun Carrier, 3in, Mk I, Churchill
Self-Propelled Howitzer SP 25pdr, ArcherSP 25pdr, BishopSP 25pdr, Loyd
Tank Destroyers SP 6pdr, MolinsSP 17pdr, AchillesSP 17pdr, ArcherSP 17pdr, Avenger
Utility Bridge Laying Churchill III ARKChurchill IV ARK
Repair & Recovery Churchill I ARVChurchill II ARVChurchill III ARVChurchill IV ARV
Transport & Towing Churchill Kangaroo
Armoured Spotlight Churchill II, CDLGrant, CDLValentine, CDL
Half-Tracked Vehicles
Tankettes Crossley-Martel TanketteMorris-Martel Tankette
Transport & Towing Crossley BGVM2 HalftrackM5 Halftrack (A1A2)M9 Halftrack (M9A1 Halftrack)
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Burford Halftrack12.7mm M13 MGMC12.7mm M14 MGMC12.7mm M16 MGMC12.7mm M17 MGMC
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun 57mm T48 GMC75mm M3 GMC
Wheeled Vehicles
Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars AEC Mk IAEC Mk IIAEC Mk IIIDaimler Mk IDaimler Mk IIDaimler Dingo Mk IDaimler Dingo Mk IADaimler Dingo Mk IBDaimler Dingo Mk IIDaimler Dingo Mk III
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun AEC AA
Transport & Towing AEC Matador 0853Albion BY3NAustin 10Austin K2/YAustin K3/YFAustin K30Chevrolet 1.5 tonChevrolet 1311X3 15cwtChevrolet 1533X2 30cwtChevrolet C8Chevrolet Standard 40CMP Ford 8cwtFord 15cwtFord C8AFord F30Ford WOA2Humber FFWHumber FWDHumber Staff SaloonHumber Super SnipeWillys MB
Amphibious Transport & Towing Terrapin
Motorcycles Ariel W/NGBSA (W)M20Triumph-3HWTriumph-3SW