The FCM 2C is a French heavy tank developed for World War I. It was however too late for that conflict, but if it was fielded, it would have been the largest operational tank ever made.

Operational History

FCM 2C 97

FCM 2C #97 "Lorraine", Summer 1940.

The ten FCM 2C tanks were numbered 90-99. Because of the time that these vehicles were made, there was little value of using these vehicles throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Nevertheless, during the French mobilization of 1939, all ten were activated and put into their own unit, the 51st Bataillion de Chars de Combat. For propaganda, each tank was named after one of the ancient regions of France.

Number Name
90 Poitou
91 Provence
92 Picardie
93 Alsace
94 Bretagne
95 Touraine
96 Anjou
97 Normandie / Lorraine
98 Berry
99 Champagne
FCM 2C 99

FCM 2C #99 "Champagne", captured by German Forces, Summer 1940.

The 10 vehicles did not participate in the attack on the Siegfried line in 1939, they were intentionally kept out of harm's way. They were used instead for numerous morale-boosting movies, to the public, they were seen as invincible super tanks. When the Germans were getting closer to the tanks, they were to be sent South by rail, however the railway was blocked, so the vehicles were scuttled. Later Goebbels and Göring claimed the tanks were hit by German dive bombers, a propaganda lie that was repeated in many sources. Tank 99 "Champagne" was captured mostly intact and was brought to Berlin to be exhibited as a war trophy until disappearing in 1948.



Standard FCM 2C

FCM 2C bis

In 1926, FCM 2C #99 "Champagne" was modified into the FCM 2C bis, an experimental type with a 155mm howitzer in a cast steel turret. New engines were fitted and the machine gun positions were removed. This change was temporary, as the vehicle was restored to the standard FCM 2C the very same year. The turret was used in the Tunisian Mareth Line.

Unnamed FCM 2C

Between 15th November and 15th December 1939, FCM 2C #97 "Lorraine" was modified with increased armour. The front armour was upgraded to 90mm and the side to 65mm. The final product weighed about 75 tons.

France French Land Vehicles of the First World War France
Tracked Vehicles
Tanks Light Tanks LevavasseurPeugeot 18Renault FT-17Renault FT-18
Medium Tanks Chars FoucheFCM 1AFCM 1BFCM ASaint-ChamondSaint-Chamond 25tSchneider C.A.1Schneider C.A.2Schneider C.A.3
Heavy Tanks Char de POIXFCM 2C
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Gun Renault BS
Other Experimental Boirault Appareil No.1Boirault Appareil No.2Souain Experiment
Command Renault TSF
Wheeled Vehicles
Combat Light Tank Frot-Turmel-Laffly
Other Wire-Cutter Breton-Prétot Appareil
France French Land Vehicles of the Second World War France
Tracked Vehicles
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks AMX-38Batignolles-Châtillon 1935Citröen P103FAMHFCM 36Hotchkiss H35 (ré-armé)Hotchkiss H38Hotchkiss H39Renault APX 6tRenault FT-31Renault NC27Renault R35Renault R40
Light Cavalry Tanks AEM Fast Tank
Amphibious Light Tanks DP-2
Combat / Recon Tankettes Renault ACG-1Renault AMC-34Renault AMC-34/YRRenault AMC-35Renault AMR-33Renault ADF-1Renault AMR-35 YS-1Renault AMR-35 YS-2Renault AMR-35 ZT 1Renault AMR-35 ZT 2Renault AMR-35 ZT 4
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks AMX-39AMX-45AMX Tracteur BBDR G (G1)Fouga G (Fouga G1)Lorraine G (G1)Renault D1Renault D2Renault D3Renault G (G1)Renault NC1Renault NC2SEAM G (G1)Somua G (G1)
Medium Cavalry Tanks AMX-40SOMUA S-35SOMUA S-40
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks AMX-37ARL-37AMX Tracteur C (1939)AMX Tracteur C (1940)ARL 1937 Variante CARL 1937 Variante SARL 1937 Variante VARL-40ARL-44Char B40FAMHFCM 1AFCM 2C (bis)FCM 21FCM F1Renault B1 (bister)RX Tank BL
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns Lorraine 37 with MG
Tank Destroyers 76.2mm M10 GMCAEM Tank DestroyerAMR-33 Engin PAMR-35 ZT 3Char d'ArrêtLorraine 37 Tank DestroyerRenault ACG-2Renault FT ACSomua SAu-40Renault UE 57
Self-Propelled Gun / Assault Gun 75 Garnier-RenaultACL-135ARL V 39Renault BS
Self-Propelled Howitzer 194mm GPF Saint ChamondLorraine 39 AM
Other Fully Tracked Vehicles Command AMR-35 ADF-1
Observation AMR-35 YS-2
Reconnaissance AMR-33AMR-35 (YS-1ZT 1ZT 2ZT 4)
Transport & Towing Lorraine 37Lorraine 38Lorraine 39Renault UESeam
Turrets Turrets APX 1APX 4ARL-2ARL-3FCM F1FCM F4
Half-Tracked Vehicles
Combat Combat Cars Panhard-Schneider P16Citroën-Kégresse P28
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns 12.7mm M16 MGMCCitroën-Kégresse P4TCitroën-Kégresse P19
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Guns 75mm M3 GMC
Self-Propelled Howitzer 75mm T30 HMC
Self-Propelled Mortars 81mm M21 MMC
Utility Bridgelayers 1939 Somua Bridgelayer
Transport & Towing 1923 Peugoet-KégresseCitroën-Kégresse P17M2 HalftrackM5 HalftrackM9 Halftrack (A1)MCL 5Unic P107