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Overview

The FCM 2C is a French heavy tank developed for World War I. It was however too late for that conflict, but if it was fielded, it would have been the largest operational tank ever made.

Operational History

FCM 2C 97

FCM 2C #97 "Lorraine", Summer 1940.

The ten FCM 2C tanks were numbered 90-99. Because of the time that these vehicles were made, there was little value of using these vehicles throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Nevertheless, during the Frech mobilisation of 1939, all ten were activated and put into their own unit, the 51st Bataillion de Chars de Combat. For propaganda, each tank was named after one of the ancient regions of France.

Number Name
90 Poitou
91 Provence
92 Picardie
93 Alsace
94 Bretagne
95 Touraine
96 Anjou
97 Normandie / Lorraine
98 Berry
99 Champagne
FCM 2C 99

FCM 2C #99 "Champagne", captured by German Forces, Summer 1940.

The 10 vehicles did not participate in the attack on the Siegfried line in 1939, they were intentionally kept out of harm's way. They were used instead for numerous morale-boosting movies, to the public, they were seen as invincible super tanks. When the Germans were getting closer to the tanks, they were to be sent South by rail, however the railway was blocked, so the vehicles were scuttled. Later Goebbels and Göring claimed the tanks were hit by German dive bombers, a propaganda lie that was repeated in many sources. Tank 99 "Champagne" was captured mostly intact and was brought to Berlin to be exhibited as a war trophy until disappearing in 1948.

Variants

FCM 2C

Standard FCM 2C

FCM 2C-bis

In 1926, FCM 2C #99 "Champagne" was modified into the FCM 2C bis, an experimental type with a 155mm howitzer in a cast steel turret. New engines were fitted and the machine gun positions were removed. This change was temporary, as the vehicle was restored to the standard FCM 2C the very same year. The turret was used in the Tunisian Mareth Line.

Unnamed FCM 2C

Between 15th November and 15th December 1939, FCM 2C #97 "Lorraine" was modified with increases armour. The front armour was upgraded to 90mm and the side to 65mm. The final product weighed about 75 tons.

French Land Vehicles of WWII - Tracked
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks AMX-38Batignolles-Châtillon 1935Citröen P103FAMHFCM-36Hotchkiss H-35Hotchkiss H-35 ré-arméHotchkiss H-38Hotchkiss H-39Renault APX 6tRenault FT-31Renault R-35Renault R-40
Light Cavalry Tanks AEM Fast Tank
Amphibious Light Tanks DP-2
Combat / Recon Tankettes Renault ACG-1Renault AMC-34Renault AMC-34/YRRenault AMC-35Renault AMR-33Renault ADF-1Renault AMR-35 YS-1Renault AMR-35 YS-2Renault AMR-35 ZT 1Renault AMR-35 ZT 2Renault AMR-35 ZT 4
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks AMX-39AMX Tracteur BChar B1 (early)Char B1 (late)Char B1-bisChar B1-terRenault D-1Renault D-2Renault D-3Renault G1R
Medium Cavalry Tanks AMX-40Somua S-35Somua S-40
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks AMX Tracteur C (1939)AMX Tracteur C (1940)ARL 1937 Variante CARL 1937 Variante SARL 1937 Variante VARL-40ARL-44FCM 2CFCM 2C-bisFCM F1
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns Lorraine 37L with MG
Tank Destroyers AEM Tank DestroyerChar d'ArrêtLorraine 37L Tank DestroyerRenault ACG-2Renault AMR-33 Engin PRenault AMR-35 ZT 3Somua SAu-40
Self-Propelled Gun / Assault Gun 75 Garnier-RenaultACL-135ARL V 39
Other Fully Tracked Vehicles Transport & Towing Lorraine 37LLorraine 38LRenault UESeam
French Land Vehicles of WWII - Halftracks
Bridgelayers 1939 Somua Bridgelayer
Combat Cars Panhard-Schneider P16Citroën-Kégresse P28
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns Citroën-Kégresse P4TCitroën-Kégresse P19
Transport & Towing 1923 Peugoet-KégresseCitroën-Kégresse P17MCL 5Unic P107
French Land Vehicles of WWII - Wheeled
Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars A.E. Saurer Armoured CarAMC WhiteAMX 38 Panhard 178AMX 40 Panhard 178FromagetGendron AM39-PLaffly 50Laffly AMD80Laffly S15LaRochelle 1945Panhard 1926Panhard 1928Panhard 165/175Panhard AM20CVPanhard CDM 178Renault 1929Renault Armoured CarRenault SK 1928Schneider-Laurent
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns Berliet VPHBerliet VPMBerliet VPR2Chevrolet 15cwt Quad-13.2Citroën C45 with 25mm CA mle 39GMC ACKRenault Quad-13.2
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Guns Laffly W15 TCC 1940
Self-Propelled Artillery Laffly S15T
Transport & Towing Berliet 4x4 UDB-4Berliet 4x4 VUDBBerliet 4x4 VUBBerliet 4x4 VUD-B4Berliet 4x4 VUMBerliet 6x6 VPDMBernardCitroën Type 23Citroën Type 45Laffly 34SALaffly S15RLaffly V15RLaffly V15TLatil B1Latil B6Latil FTARHLatil M2TZLatil M7Z1PanhardPeugeotRenault ADHRenault AGC-3Renault AGKRenault AGRRenault AHNRenault AHSTT4

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