Heinkel He 280, Jet Fighter, Heinkel Flugzeugwerke, Germany


He.280 Unmarked

Unmarked He.280. Note the missing casing over the turbojets.

The Heinkel was the first turbojet-powered fighter aircraft in the world. It was inspired by Ernst Heinkel's emphasis on research into high-speed flight, and built on the company's experience with the He 178 prototype from 1939. Technical and political factors led to it being passed over in favour for the Me 262.

Nine He 280 models were built, none reaching operational status.


The followings specs are from the He.280 V3 captured at Heinkel-Sud factory in Austria.

  • Crew: 1 (Pilot)
  • Length: 10.4m (34ft 1in)
  • Wingspan: 12.2m (40ft)
  • Height: 3.06m (10ft)
  • Empty Weight: 3215kg (7073lb)
  • Loaded Weight: 4280kg (9416lb)
  • Max. Takeoff Weight: 4300kg (9470lb)
  • Powerplant: 2x Heinkel HeS 8 Turbojet @ 5.9kN (1320lbf) each.
  • Maximum Speed: 820km/h (512mph)
  • Range: 370km (230mi)
  • Service Ceiling: 10000m (32000ft)
  • Rate of Climb: 1145m/min (3756ft/min)
  • Armament: 3x 20x82mm MG151/20 Cannons


He.280 V1


The first flight of this model was on the 22nd of September, 1940. On the 13th of January, 1942, it crashed due to control failure, the pilot ejected safely.

He.280 V2

He.280V2 drawn by USAF airman/employee.

He.280 V2

He.280 V3

He.280 V3

He.280 V3 GJ+CB

He.280 V3

The first flight of this model was on the 30th of March, 1941. On the 26th of June, 1941, it crashed due to engine failure.

He.280 V3


The first flight of this model was on the 5th of July, 1942. During May of 1945, the V3 was captured intact at the Heinkel-Sud factory complex at Wein-Schwechat, in Austria.

He.280 V4


The first flight of this model was on the 31st of August, 1943. During October of 1944, the aircraft was struck off charge at Hörsching, in Austria.

He.280 V5


The first flight of this model was on the 26th of July, 1943. This model did not receive jet engines.

He.280 V6


The first flight of this model was on the 26th of July, 1943. This model did not receive jet engines.

He.280 V7

There was at least two built He.280 V7 models, their RLM codes are NU+EB and D-IEXM

At least one of the two aircraft was first flown on the 19th of April, 1943. Altogether, 115 towed flights were achieved with these models.

He.280 V8


The first flight of this model was on the 19th of July, 1943.

He.280 V9


The first flight of this model was on the 31st of August, 1943.

German Aircraft of WWII - Biplanes
Propeller Propulsion
Fighter Fighter He 49He 51 (A-0A-1B-0B-1B-3)Ar 64 (abcDE)Ar 65 (abcDEF)Ar 67Ar 68 (EFGHV1V2V3V4V5)He 74
Naval Fighter Ar 197
Seaplane Fighter SSD I
Ground Attack Dive Bomber He 50 (BL)He 66Ar 81 (V1V2V3)Fi 98
Ground Attacker He 51 (C-1C-2)
Bomber Light Bomber He 45 (A-0B-0B-2C-0D-0)
Torpedo Bomber He 59E-1Fi 167Ar 195
Utility Reconnaissance He 45 (A-2B-1)He 50 (A)He 51B-2He 59 (B-3E-2)He 60 (ABB-3CDE)He 61Fw 62He 62Ar 95
Sport Bü 134
Trainer He 42 (CDE)Fw 44He 45A-1Fw 55WHe 59 (C-1D-1E-1E-2N-1)Ar 66 (abBC)Ar 69He 72 (A-0B-0B-1)He 74Ar 96Al 102WBü 131Bü 133He 172
Utility He 59 (A-1B-1B-2C-2D-1)
German Aircraft of WWII - Monoplanes
Propeller Propulsion
Fighter Fighter Do 10Fw 57Ar 76Ar 80Bf 109He 100 (D-0D-1)He 112 (A-0A-1A-2A-3A-4A-5A-6B-0B-1B-2)BV 155Me 155Fw 159Fw 190Me 209Ta 254Me 309Me 334Me 509
Heavy Fighter Fw 57Ju 88 (C-1C-2C-3C-4C-5C-6H-2H-4)Bf 109Z (13)Bf 110Fw 187Me 210Ar 240 (A-0B-0C-1)Me 265Me 310Me 329Junkers Ju 388Me 410Ar 440Me 609
Interceptor Ta 152Me 409
Night Fighter Do 17 (Z-7Z-10)Ju 88 (C-6G-1G-6G-7R-0)Bf 110Ta 154Hü 211Ar 240C-2Me 329Junkers Ju 388
Ground Attack Dive Bomber Ar 81Ju 87 (A-0A-1A-2B-0B-1B-2C-0C-1D-1D-2D-3D-3/TropD-5D-7D-8R-1R-2R-2/TropR-3R-4)Ju 88Bf 109Z (24)Hü 136 Stubo 1Hü 136 Stubo 2Ju 187Me 210Me 329Ar 340Ar E.340
Attacker Do 17Z-8Ju 87 (D-1D-3G-1G-2)Ju 88 (A-13P-1P-2P-3P-4P-5)Bf 110Me 210Me 329Me 410
Bomber Light Bomber Do 13 (CD)Do 17 (E-1E-2E-3L-1L-2M-0M-1Z-0Z-1Z-2Z-3Z-5Z-9)Do 23 (FG)He 70 (cE)Bf 162Fw 189Ar 240C-3
Medium Bomber Do 11 (CD)Fw 42Ju 52 (3mge3mg3e3mg4e3mg5e3mg6e3mg7e3mg8e3mg9e3mg10e3mg11e3mg12e3mg13e3mg14e)Ju 85Ju 86Ju 88 (A-0A-1A-2A-4A-5A-6A-8A-11A-14A-15B-0S-0S-1S-2S-3)Ju 188Fw 191Ju 288Ar 340Junkers Ju 388Ar E.340Ar E.560Ju EF 61
Heavy Bomber Ju 89He 177Me 264Ju 488
Long-Range Bomber Bf 165Fw 200Ju 390Me P.08.01
Maritime Bomber Fw 300Ta 400
Torpedo Bomber Do 22Ju 87 (D-4)Ju 88 (A-17)
Utility Glider Hü 17Hü 28BV 40Me 321Ju 322Ju EF 94
Medical Fw 58
Meteorological Fw 47 (CDE)
Reconnaissance Do 17 (F-1F-2L-0P-1P-2R-0R-1S-0U-1Z-3Z-6)Do 18 (DGN)Do 24Do 26 (C)Klemm Kl 31Kl 36He 46 (C-1D-0E-1E-2E-3)He 70 (cF-0F-1F-2)Ju 86Ju 88 (C-4D-1D-2D-3D-4D-5H-1H-3T-1T-3)Kl 151Bf 161Bf 163Ju 188Fw 189Ar 196Ar 198Fw 200Hü 211Ar 231Ar 240C-4Me 261Ju 290Fw 300Do 318Me 329Ju 388Ju 390Do 635Ju 635Ar E.380Ju EF 61Me P.08.01
Sport Kl 32Kl 35Fi 99Kl 105Bf 108Bü 180Fi 253
Testbed / Engine Test Do 17 (J-1J-2)
Trainer Do 17Z-4Do 18HKl 25Kl 26Kl 31Kl 35He 46 (F-1F-2)Fw 56 (A-0A-1)Fw 58Ar 76Ar 77 (abAB)Ar 79Ju 87 (D-6)Ju 88 (A-3A-7A-12A-14)Ar 96 (A-0B-0B-1C-0)Al 102LBf 108Bü 180Bü 181Bü 182Ar 199Ar 296Do 335 (V11A-10A-12)Ar 396 (A-1A-2)
Transport Ju 52Fw 58Ju 60Ju 86Ju 90Fi 97Kl 151Ju 160Fw 200Ar 232 (ABCV1V2V3V4)Ar 233Ju 252Ju 290Fw 300Me 323Fi 333Ju 352Ju 390Ar 432Ar 532Ar 632Me P.08.01
Utility Do 12 (A)Do 14Fw 43Ju 46Ju 49Kl 107Fi 157Fi 158Me P.08.01
Unknown Role Kl 33Kl 106Kl 152
Jet Propulsion
Fighters Fighters Bf 109TL (011/U122/U244/U14/U54/U5a66/U16/U56/U5a)He 162Ta 183Ho 229Me 262 (A-0A-1aA-1a/U1A-1a/U2A-1a/U3A-1a/U4A-1a/U5A-1bCSW-1W-3)He 280Ta 283Me 328He 500Ho H.IXHo H.XHo H.XIIIJu EF 126Me P.1079Me P.1095Me P.1101Me P.1106Me P.1111Me P.1112
Interceptors Fw Volksjäger 1Ju EF 128Me 262 (C-1aC-2bC-3C-3aE-1E-2)Me P.1079Me P.1092Me P.1099Me P.1110
Night Fighters Bf 109TL-3Ar 234 (B-2/NC-3/NC-7)Me 262 (B-1a/U1B-2)Me P.1099
Ground Attack Dive Bombers [[]]
Ground Attackers Me 262 (A-3aD-1)Me P.1095Me P.1099
Bombers Light Bombers Me 262 (A-2aA-2a/U1A-2a/U2)Me P.1095
Medium Bombers Ar 234 (A-0B-0B-2C-1C-2C-5C-8D-2P-1P-2P-3P-4P-5)Ju 287Ju EF 131Ju EF 132
Long-Range Bombers Ar E.555Ho H.XVIIIMe P.1108
Utility Gliders Ho H.XIII A
Guided Missiles Fi 103Fi 103RFi 103R-IFi 103R-IIFi 103R-IIIFi 103R-IVFi 103R-VFZG 76V 1
Reconnaissance Ar 234 (B-1C-4C-6D-1)Me 262 (A-4aA-5a)Me P.1095Me P.1099
Trainers Bf 109TL-3Me 262 (B-1a)Me P.1099
Unknown Role Ho 251Ho 253Ho H.IHo H.IIHo H.IIIHo H.IVHo H.VHo Ho.VIHo H.VIIHo H.VIIIHo H.XIHo H.XIVHo H.XVHo H.XVaHo H.XVcHo H.XVIHo Parabola
Rocket Propulsion
Fighters Fighters [[]]
Interceptors Ba 349He 176Me 163Ju 248Me 263Fw Volksjäger 2EF 127
Parasite Fighters Ar E.381
Bombers Long-Range Bombers [[]]
Utility Reconnaissance Ar 234R
Unknown Role Ju 268
German Aircraft of WWII - Rotorcraft
Attackers Anti-Submarine Warfare Fa 223 (A)
Utility Reconnaissance Fa 223 (B)
Trainer Fa 223 (E)
Utility Fa 61Fw 61Fw 186Fa 223 (CDZ)