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Overview

The KV-1 was the first set of tanks named after Kliment Voroshilov.

Kliment Voroshilov Tanks
KV-1KV-1AKV-1BKV-1CKV-1SKV-1EKV-1KKV-2KV-2-85KV-2-107KV-3-85KV-3-76KV-3-107KV-4KV-5KV-6KV-7KV-7-2KV-8KV-8SKV-8MKV-9KV-10KV-11KV-12KV-13KV-14KV-85KV-85GKV-100KV-122KV-152KV-220KV-220-2S-51SU-152SU-203T-150U-18ZiK-20

Variants

For more detailed specifications, click one of the title links.

KV-1 Model 1939

KV-1 1939

KV-1 Model 1939

First production model. Prone to fequent breakdowns, but were highly resistant against anti-tank weapons. Equipped with the 76.2mm L-11 cannon. Most tanks were missing the hull mounted 7.62x54mmR DT. 141 were built.

KV-1 Model 1940

KV-1 1940

KV-f1 Model 1940 (KV-1A)

Upgraded with a new mantlet and 76.2mm F-32 cannon.

KV-1E Model 1940

KV-1 1940 with additional armour plating.

KV-1 Model 1941

KV-1 1941

KV-1 Model 1941

More armour. Cast turret. Longer barreled 76.2mm F-32. Later models had the 76.2mm ZiS-5.

KV-1 Model 1942

KV-1 1942

KV-1 Model 1942

Thicker turret armour, both cast and welded turrets were made. Up armoured again as well as a new engine. Uses the 76.2mm ZiS-5.

KV-1S Model 1942

A variant with higher speed but thinner armour. A new smaller cast turret with redesigned rear hull. New transmission. 1370 built.

KV-1K

KV-1K

KV-1K

A KV-1 mounted with the KRAST-1 rocket system, early designs had less rockets. Multiple size rockets were tested (1200mm, 1250mm, 2000mm and 2400mm). The rockets were fairly accurate but required the entire vehicle to turn to aim horizontally, additionally, the rockets mounted on the rear required the turret to be forward facing before they could fire. This system was fairly cheap and easy to manufacture - existing KV-1 tanks could be upgraded after production. It is unknown why this upgrade was not taken further.

KV-2

KV-2 Model A

KV-2 Mod.A

KV-1 with a larger turret to fit a 122mm, 152mm or 155mm howitzer.

KV-2-85

KV-2-85

KV-2-85

KV-2 with a 85mm F-39 gun fitted in the turret.

KV-2-107

KV-2-107

KV-2-107

KV-2 with a 107mm ZiS-6 gun fitted in the turret.

KV-3

Longer KV-1.

Object 221

85mm gun in a modified KV-1 turret.

Object 222

76.2mm F-32 gun in a modified KV-1 turret.

Object 223

KV-3

KV-3 Object 223

107mm ZiS-6 gun in a new conical turret.

KV-4

Object 224. Cancelled super-heavy tank with a 107mm ZiS-6 gun. It was to have 76.2mm and 45mm guns, machine guns and flamethrowers as well. Between 85 and 110 tonnes, and 120mm to 190mm of armour.

KV-5

Object 225. Cancelled super-heavy tank with a 107mm ZiS-6 gun in a larger turret, and a second turret with an MG. Weight was projected to be about 100 tons. 150-180mm armour. Project began in June 1941 but was cancelled due to the Siege of Leningrad.

KV-6

KV-6 img3

KV-6

Object 226, chemical heavy tank project with 100mm frontal armour and a flamethrower.

KV-7

Object 227, also called U-13. A KV-1 with two 45mm M1932/34 (200 rounds) and one 76.2mm F-34 (93 rounds). 100mm of frontal armour was also a feature. One unit was produced and tested in 1941.

KV-7 II

KV-7 II

KV-7 II

Also known as the U-14. A KV-1 with two 76.2mm F-34 cannons and better front armour. The turret could only traverse 15° both sides. This vehicle had little use as the guns could not combat concrete bunkers or fight tanks effectively. Lead to the KV-14 / SU-152

KV-8

KV-8

KV-8

A KV-1 with the ATO-41 Flamethrower coaxial to the main gun. The main gun was replaced with a 45mm M1932 and the coaxial MG was still functional.

KV-8S

KV-8S

KV-8S

A KV-8 made on the KV-1S chassis, an upgraded flamethrower as well.

KV-8M

Upgraded KV-8S with two flamethrowers. Two prototypes were constructed.

KV-9

KV-9

KV-9

A KV-1 with the 122mm U-11 cannon, one prototype was constructed and tested in 1941.

KV-10

An unfinished KV tank with an 85mm M1939.

KV-11

A KV-1 with the 85mm F-30 cannon. Projected in 1942, not built.

KV-12

Experimental chemical tank, 4 external toxin tanks. Not taken into service.

KV-13

KV-13

KV-13

Prototype medium tank.

KV-14

Prototype for the 152mm self-propelled gun carrier. Accepted into service as the SU-152.

KV-85

KV-85

KV-85

KV-1S with the 85mm D-5T cannon in a new turret. The rear-facing ball-mount MG was removed. 148 were produced in late 1943 through spring 1944. They ceased before the IS series entered production.

KV-85G

KV-1S with the 85mm S-31 cannon. This vehicle was identical to the KV-1S except the gun. This variant was a competitor to the KV-85 during proving, it lost.

KV-100

A KV-85 with the 100mm S-34 cannon. One prototype was made in 1944.

KV-122

A KV-1S with the 122mm S-41 howitzer. One prototype was made in 1943.

KV-122 II

KV-122 II

KV-122 II

A KV-85 with the 122mm D-25T cannon. One prototype was made in 1944.

KV-152

Proposal to somehow jam a 152mm gun in the turret of the KV-85.

KV-220

KV-220

KV-220

Object 220. A longer KV-1, new engine, turret and a 85mm F-30. One prototype was constructed in 1941 and was lost in battle.

KV-220-2

A KV-220 with it's turret removed, and was fitted with a KV-1 turret with the 76.2mm F-32 cannon.

Panzerkampfwagen 753(r)

A KV-1 Model 1940 (KV-1A)

Some were equipped with the gun from a Panzer IV Ausf. F2/G - the 7,5cm KwK 40 L/43.

Panzerkampfwagen 755(r)

A KV-1 Model 1941 (KV-1B)

Some were equipped with the gun from a Panzer IV Ausf. F2/G - the 7,5cm KwK 40 L/43.

S-51

S-51

S-51

KV-1S hull with a 203mm B-4 cannon on the roof. One prototype was constructed in 1944.

SU-152

Assault gun based on the KV-1S chassis. Fitted with a 152mm ML-20S howitzer.

SU-203

SU-152 with a 203mm M-4 mortar. Never built.

T-150

Experimental tank with 107mm ZiS-6 gun, one prototype was constructed in 1941 and was destroyed defending Leningrad.

U-18

KV-7 with a 152 ML-20 cannon. Projected in 1941, only a wooden mockup was constructed.

ZiK-20

Similar to the S-51 but with a 152mm ML-20 gun or 152mm BR-2. A wooden mockup was constructed but the design was cancelled.

See Also

Russian Land Vehicles of WWII - Tracked
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks LTPLTTBNIObject 211PPGT-17 "Liliput"T-18 Model 1927T-18 Model 1930T-23 TanketteT-26 SeriesT-26 M1931T-26 M1933T-26E M1933T-26 M1937T-26E M1937T-26 M1939T-26-1T-26E M1939T-27 "Chapayev"T-30T-45T-50T-60 M1941T-60 M1942T-70T-80T-126T-127
Amphibious Light Tanks PT-1T-37 M1933T-37 M1934T-38 M1937T-5PchT-40
Flamethrower & Chemical Light Tanks HBT-7OT-7OT-26OT-130OT-131OT-132OT-133OT-133EOT-134
Remote Controlled Light Tanks TTBT-7TT-26TU-26
Utility Light Tanks BT-DTSBT
Cavalry/Fast Light Tanks (includes convertibles) A-8BT-1BT-2 M1932BT-3BT-4BT-5 M1934BT-7 (early)BT-7 M1937BT-7MBT-6BT-7BT-ISBT-SV-2T-46
Lend-Lease Lights Light Mk VII, TetrarchM3 Stuart (early)M3 Stuart (late) M3A1 "Stuart"M24 Chaffee
Command Light Tanks BT-TUKBT-7T-26PT (early)T-26PT (late)
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks (includes convertibles) A-20A-32A-34A-43KV-13T-22T-24T-28 M1932T-28 M1934T-28 M1938T-28E M1938T-28 M1940T-28MT-28-85T-28-95T-29T-34 SeriesT-34 M1940T-34 M1941T-34E M1941T-34 M1941/1942T-34 M1942T-34 M1942/1943T-34 M1943T-34 M1943/1944T-34MT-34M M1942T-34-57 M1941T-34-57 M1943T-34-57 M1944T-34-85 M1943 (early)T-34-85 M1943 (late)T-34-85 Model 1944T-43T-44
Lend-Lease Mediums Matilda IIMatilda IV M4A2 "Sherman" M4A2(76)W "Sherman"
Flamethrowing Medium Tanks OT-28OT-34 M1941OT-34 M1942OT-34-85
Utility Medium Tanks IT-28
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks IS-1IS-100IS-2IS-3IS-4IS-6IS-7KV-1KV-1 M1939KV-1 M1940KV-1E M1940KV-1 M1941KV-1 M1942KV-1S M1942KV-3-85KV-3-76KV-3-107KV-4KV-5KV-7KV-9KV-10KV-11KV-85KV-100KV-122KV-220SMKT-32T-35-1T-35-2T-35AT-35BT-100T-150U-14
Flamethrowing Heavy Tanks KV-8 KV-8S KV-8MKV-12
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns SU-8SU-11SU-17SU-72T-60ZT-70ZT-90ZSU-37ZUT-37
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Guns / Tank Destroyers / Tank Hunters KhTZ-16SU-26SU-76SU-76iSU-85SU-85BSU-85iSU-85MSU-100SU-100YSU-101SU-102SU-122-44ZiS-30
Self-Propelled Gun / Assault Gun BT-5ABT-5ATBT-7AISU-130ISU-152ISU-152BMKV-2KV-2-85KV-2-107KV-14SU-1SU-3SU-6SU-7SU-10 SU-14-2SU-18SU-45SU-122SU-122MSU-122-3SU-130SU-152T-26-4
Self-Propelled Howitzer AT-1S-51SU-2SU-5SU-5-1SU-5-2SU-5-3SU-14
Self-Propelled Rocket Artillery BM-8-24KV-1KRBT-5
Miscellaneous Bridge-related ST-26
Transport & Towing HTZ KomunarKomiternStalinets 2S-60S-65STZ-5 StalingradecT-20 KomsomoletsT-26TT-26T2VoroschilovetsYA-12
Russian Land Vehicles of WWII - Halftracks
Transport & Towing Autocar 2½-ton HalftrackGAZ-60M2 HalftrackM5 HalftrackZiS-22ZiS-33ZiS-35ShZiS-42ZiS-42M
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Guns Combination Gun Motor Carriage, M15A1ZiS-42 SPAAGZSU-17
Tank Destroyers GAZ-33 TKSU-57ZiS-41
Russian Land Vehicles of WWII - Wheeled
Scout / Armoured / Patrol Cars BA-IBA-3BA-6BA-11BA-20BA-20MBA-20VBA-27MBA-64BA-64BBA-64DBA-64 with PTRSBA-64 with SG-43BA-64VDodge WC-52FA-2FAIFAI-MScout Car, M3A1
Railroad Armoured Cars BA-20 Sh.dBA-20 ZhDBA-64G
Transport & Towing AEC Matador 0853Albion BY3NAustin K2-YAustin K3/YFAustin K30Autocar U-8144TBA-64EBantam BRC40Chevrolet G7107Dodge T203BDodge WC-51Dodge WC-53Dodge WF-32Ford G8TFord GPFWD SU-COEGAZ-AAGAZ-AAAGAZ-AAAAGAZ-05-193GAZ-42GAZ-44GAZ-55GAZ-64GAZ-64-416GAZ-67GAZ-67BGAZ-410GMC ACKWX-353GMC AFWX-354GMC CCKW-352International KR-11International M-5-6-318Mack NR15NATI-ARReo 28-XSStudebaker US6x6 U-5Studebaker US6x4 U-6Studebaker US6x4 U-7/8Studebaker US6-BZ-35SWillys MAWillys MBYAG-10YAG-12ZiS-5ZiS-5VZiS-6ZiS-12ZiS-13ZiS-14ZiS-15ZiS-21ZiS-32ZiS-101ZiS-150ZiS-151
Amphibious Transport & Towing Ford GPA
Snow Vehicles BA-64Z
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun 94-KM SPAAGChevrolet G7107 SPAAGGAZ-AAA SPAAG
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun ZiS-31
Self-Propelled Artillery SU-1-12SU-12
Self-Propelled Gun / Assault Gun SU-4
Self-Propelled Rocket Artillery BM-13-16
Motorcycles BSA-M20
Trailers KP-42KP-43

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