OverviewThe M22 "Locust" was an American light tank designed to fit in a GAL.49 Hamilcar that would be transported underneath a Douglas C-54 Skymaster. The M22 only just fit inside the Hamilcar, and most crews decided to stay inside the tank for the duration of the flight. Common practice was to start the engine just before releasing from the C-54. Once arrived, the driver would pull a lanyard which would remove the anchorages keeping the vehicle in place. The driver could then drive forward, which automatically pulled a line that operated the swing door release. The Hamilcar could deflate allowing the vehicle to drive out without needing a ramp.
The M22 Locust was known as Light Tank, T9E1 before it was accepted.
The Locust was to dropped via glider GAL.49 Hamilcar (gliderborne).
The crew was issued 3 .45cal M1 SMGs with 450 rounds of ammunition.
The US Ordnance tested a littlejohn adapter that was originally used with a Light Tank Mk VII, Tetrarch on the Locust, but it distorted after a few shots.
Main production model. 830 built.
17th Airborne Division
6th Airborne Division
Post war use in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
|Land Vehicles of the United States of America - World War II|
|Transport & Towing||M2 (A1 • A2 • E6) • M3 (A1 • A2 • E2) • M5 (A1 • A2) • M9 (M9A1) • T7 • T16 • T29 • T31|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||T32|
|Combination Gun Motor Carriages (CGMC)||M15 (A1) • T28 (E1) • T60 (E1)|
|Gun Motor Carriages (GMC)||40mm M15 "Special" • 40mm M34 • 40mm T54 (E1) • 40mm T59 (E1) • 40mm T60 (E1) • 57mm T48 • 75mm M3 (A1) • 75mm T12|
|Howitzer Motor Carriages (HMC)||75mm T30 • 105mm T19 • 105mm T38|
|Multiple Gun Motor Carriages (MGMC)||M13 • M14 • M16 (A1 • A2) • M17 • T1 (E1 • E2 • E3 • E4) • T10 (E1) • T28 (E1) • T37 (E1) • T58 • T61 • T68|
|Mortar Motor Carriages (MMC)||81mm M4 (A1) • T19 • M21 • T21 (E1)|
|Utility||Instrument Carrier, T18 • Radio Carrier, T17|