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This page refers to the Type94 TK. For other uses, please see Type 94.

Overview

Type944

Several Type94 TK tankettes at the Gate of China, Nanjing.

The Type94 Light Armoured Car (九四式軽装甲車 , Kyū-Yon-Shiki Kei-Sōkōsha), more commonly known under its prototype name of 「特殊牽引車」(Tokushu Keninsha) meaning "special tractor", abbreviated "TK" is a Japanese tankette. The TK was based loosely on the Carden-Loyd Mk VI, after testing was conducted by the IJA. Despite being a tank by all measures, it was designated as an armoured car, as cavalry was not allowed operation of tanks. The TK was used to great effect in armoured spearheads during the Second Sino-Japanese War, despite its minimal armour thickness, as Chinese anti-tank options were limited. Much like the Type92 Jū-Sōkōsha, production improvements to the Type94 TK did not have official variant names. Changes include lengthening of the chassis and lowering and up-scaling of the rear idler wheel, in turn reducing ground pressure. Eventually, the standard 6.5mm Type91 was replaced with a with a 7.7mm Type97. In late 1936 Ikegai Automobile developed a small diesel engine for a prototype TK. The prototype vehicle also mounted a 37mm Type94 tank gun. The size of the engine caused complications due to the small stature of the vehicle, and it was decided to design an entirely new tank. This led to the development of the Type97 Te-Ke. The TK was quickly phased out of service later in the war. By then, Chinese forces had acquired a number of weapons which easily defeated the armour of the vehicle. From then on, the TK primarily assumed a reconnaissance role.

Variants

Type94 Gas Scattering Vehicle

Adaption of the Type94 TK to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile liquid dissemination chemical vehicle to scatter mustard gas.

Type94 Disinfecting Vehicle

Another adaption of the Type94 TK to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile disinfecting anti-chemical agents vehicle to scatter bleaching powder to counteract the mustard gas.

Type97 Pole Planter

Pole planting vehicle built off of Type94 TK chassis. It was used to transport and to plant telegraph poles.

Type97 Cable Layer

Cable laying vehicle built off of Type94 TK chassis. Used to lay cables on telegraph poles placed by the Type97 Pole Planter.

Japan Empire Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII Japan Empire Army - Tracked
Light Tanks Tankettes TypeKa MG VehicleType92 Jū-SōkōshaType94 TKType97 Te-Ke
Standard Light Tanks Renault KōIJA Fiat 3000Renault OtsuType95 Ha-GōKe-Ni KōKe-Ni OtsuType98 Ke-NiType2 Ke-ToType3 Ke-RiType4 Ke-NuType5 Ke-Ho
Railroad Tanks Type95 So-Ki
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks Medium Mark A WhippetExperimental IVickers Medium CExperimental IIType89 I-Gō (Otsu)Type97 Chi-NiType97 Chi-Ha (Kai)Type98 Chi-HoType1 Chi-HeType2 Ho-IMedium Tank IIIMedium Tank IVType3 Chi-Nu (KaiII)Chi-To Prototype IChi-To Prototype IIChi-To Prototype IIIType4 Chi-ToChi-Ri Prototype IChi-Ri Prototype IIType5 Chi-RiChi-Se
Medium Command Tanks Type97 Shi-Ki
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks Mark IV FemaleIshikawajima 108Type91Type95 Ro-GōType96 (Kai)Type97 (Kai)Type99 Mitsubishi 104100 Ton TankHeavy Tank VHeavy Tank VI
Super Heavy Tanks O-IType4 HeavyType5 Heavy
Amphibious Tanks Standard Amphibious Tanks SR AmphibSR-ISR-IISR-III
Special Motor Launches Type2 Ka-MiType3 Ka-ChiType4 Ka-TsuType5 To-Ku
Self-Propelled Guns Tank Destroyers Type1 Ho-Ni IType1 Ho-Ni IIType3 Ho-Ni IIIHo-Ri Design IHo-Ri Design IIType5 Ho-RiType5 Ho-RuType5 Na-ToType5 Na-To IIJi-Ro
Self-Propelled Gun / Assault Gun So-ToType97 Chi-Ha 12cm Short GunType97 Chi-Ha 12cm Long GunType2 Ho-IKa-ToType4 Ho-RoType4 Ha-ToType5 Ho-Chi
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Ki-ToTa-SeSo-KiTa-Ha
Miscellaneous Amphibious Transport FB Swamp Vehicle
Remote-Controlled Explosives Type98 Miniature Engineer Otsu
Transport & Towing Chi-Ke TractorHolt 30Komatsu 3 ton TractorType92 I-KeType92 Ni-KuType94 Yo-KeType95 Ho-FuType98 Six Ton Prime MoverT-G Crawler TruckType98 Ro-KeType98 Shi-KeType98 So-DaType 1 Ho-Ki
Misc Brasso-KiSo-RaType94 Disinfecting VehicleType94 Gas Scattering VehicleType 95 Ri-KiType 97 Ho-KType97 Cable LayerType97 Pole PlanterType 97 Chi-YiuType 96 Se-RiType 1 AOVS-K Trench ExcavatorSōkō Sagyō KiChō Gō Ki TGType100 Te-Re
Japan Empire Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII Japan Empire Army - Half-Tracks
Combat Amphibious Offensive Chenilette St-Chamond M1921Inoma-KaminishiSumida AMP
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Type 98 Ho-Ki SPAAG
Utility Transport & Towing Type95 KuroganeType98 Ho-Ki Prime MoverType1 Ho-Ha
Amphibious Transport & Towing Ishikawan Jime
Japan Empire Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII Japan Empire Army - Wheeled
Combat Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Type98 Ta-Se (truck)
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun Nissan 80
Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars British Crossley Mk IType92 OsakaType87 Armoured CarType3 SumidaType92 ChiyodaType92 Chokei SenshaType92 Kokusan
Utility Transport & Towing Nissan 180Nissan Model 97Toyota KBToyota KCType94 TruckType97 TruckType1 TruckType2 Truck
Staff Cars Nissan 70Toyota SyokiType92 ChiyodaModel93 Staff CarModel95 KuroganeNissan Model97 Staff CarType98 Staff Car
Amphibious Transport & Towing Su-Ki Amphibious Truck
Motocycles Model 97 KuroganeSanrinsha

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