This page refers to the Type94 TK. For other uses, please see Type 94.
OverviewThe Type94 Light Armoured Car (九四式軽装甲車 , Kyū-Yon-Shiki Kei-Sōkōsha), more commonly known under its prototype name of 「特殊牽引車」(Tokushu Keninsha) meaning "special tractor", abbreviated "TK" is a Japanese tankette. The TK was based loosely on the Carden-Loyd Mk VI, after testing was conducted by the IJA. Despite being a tank by all measures, it was designated as an armoured car, as cavalry was not allowed operation of tanks. The TK was used to great effect in armoured spearheads during the Second Sino-Japanese War, despite its minimal armour thickness, as Chinese anti-tank options were limited. Much like the Type92 Jū-Sōkōsha, production improvements to the Type94 TK did not have official variant names. Changes include lengthening of the chassis and lowering and up-scaling of the rear idler wheel, in turn reducing ground pressure. Eventually, the standard 6.5mm Type91 was replaced with a with a 7.7mm Type97. In late 1936 Ikegai Automobile developed a small diesel engine for a prototype TK. The prototype vehicle also mounted a 37mm Type94 tank gun. The size of the engine caused complications due to the small stature of the vehicle, and it was decided to design an entirely new tank. This led to the development of the Type97 Te-Ke. The TK was quickly phased out of service later in the war. By then, Chinese forces had acquired a number of weapons which easily defeated the armour of the vehicle. From then on, the TK primarily assumed a reconnaissance role.
Adaption of the Type94 TK to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile liquid dissemination chemical vehicle to scatter mustard gas.
Another adaption of the Type94 TK to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile disinfecting anti-chemical agents vehicle to scatter bleaching powder to counteract the mustard gas.
Pole planting vehicle built off of Type94 TK chassis. It was used to transport and to plant telegraph poles.
Cable laying vehicle built off of Type94 TK chassis. Used to lay cables on telegraph poles placed by the Type97 Pole Planter.
|Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII - Half-Tracks|
|Transport & Towing||Type 95 Kurogane • Type 98 Ho-Ki Prime Mover • Type 1 Ho-Ha|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||Ishikawan Jime|
|Amphibious Offensive||Chenilette St-Chamond M1921 • Inoma-Kaminishi • Sumida AMP|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun||Type 98 Ho-Ki SPAAG|
|Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII - Wheeled|
|Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars||British Crossley Mk I • Type 92 Osaka • Type 87 Armoured Car • Type 3 Sumida • Type 92 Chiyoda • Type 92 Chokei Sensha • Type 92 Kokusan|
|Transport & Towing||Nissan 180 • Nissan Model 97 • Toyota KB • Toyota KC • Type 94 Truck • Type 97 Truck • Type 1 Truck • Type 2 Truck|
|Staff Cars||Nissan 70 • Toyota Syoki • Type 92 Chiyoda • Model 93 Staff Car • Model 95 Kurogane • Nissan Model 97 Staff Car • Type 98 Staff Car|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun||Type 98 Ta-Se (truck)|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun||Nissan 80|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||Su-Ki Amphibious Truck|
|Motocycles||Model 97 Kurogane • Sanrinsha|