Rifle of the 30th year of the Meiji era, which is the Japanese year 2565 (1905).

On the top of the rifle reads:

Type 30 Arisaka Writing

"type, year, 10, 3" and a Chrysanthemum, with cancelling, which means it's no longer "the Emperor's property"


This reads "type year 10 3" or "Type Year 30", meaning model of the 30th year of the current era/dynasty - being the Meiji era at the time. The * stands for a Chrysanthemum, a typical logo found on Japanese weaponry. Some surviving models have circular markings in the center called cancelling, these depict that the weapon is no longer in service with the Japanese Empire, be it withdrawn from service or captured/stolen.

Type 30 Arisaka Stock

Ian from points out the seem in the stock.

The safety system on this rifle is known as a 'hook safety'. This hook works as a cocking mechanism as well as a safety, which blocks the sights so it's obvious that the safety is activated.

As with many Arisaka rifles, the stock features a rather impeding seem. This is not a fault in manufacturing, rather a feature. The grain in the wood on the stock is straight and at the bottom of the stock it may result in chipping. As the wood available in Japan is not as strong as they'd like, it was designed to have the lower section of the stock to have the grain angled with the shape, making the whole design less prone to damage.

This model is the first of a series of rifles known as 'Arisaka' rifles. This comes from the one of the designers, Lieutenant General Arisaka Nariakira.

Many elements from this weapon come from the Mauser 1893 and Mauser 1895 rifles. The action in particular.


Japanese Models

  • Type 30 Rifle
  • Type 30 Carbine
  • Type 30 Training Rifle
  • Type 35 Naval Rifle

Chinese Models

  • "Manchu Arisaka"
  • Type 30 Carbine (Copy)


  • Austria-Hungary
  • Estonia
  • Empire of Japan
  • Finland
  • Russian Empire
  • United Kingdom
  • China



Japanese Weapons of the Second World War
Japanese Infantry Weapons
Swords Guntō
Bayonets Type 30 BayonetType 35 BayonetType 2 Bayonet
Revolvers Type 26 Revolver
Semi-Automatic Pistols Hamada Type 1 PistolHamada Type 2 PistolSugiura ShikiType A NambuType B NambuType 14 NambuType 19 PistolType 94 Nambu
Bolt-Action Rifles Type 30 RifleType 30 CarbineType 35Type 38 RifleType 38 CarbineType 38 Cavalry RifleType 44Type 97Type 99 ArisakaType 99 Sniper RifleType 100 TERAType 1 TERAType 2 TERAType IType Mo
Semi-Automatic Rifles Type 4
Submachine Guns Experimental Model 1 Submachine GunExperimental Model 2 Submachine GunMAB 38MP 34Type 100
Light Machine Guns Te-4Type 11Type 96Type 99
Heavy Machine Guns Type 3Type 92Type 92Type 1
Anti-Tank Rifles Type 97
Grenade Launchers Type 10Type 89
Rifle Grenade Launchers Type 100Type 2
Anti-Personnel Grenades Type 10Type 91Type 97Type 98Type 99Type 3Type 4
Rocket Launchers Type 4Type 5
Flamethrowers Number 1 FlamethrowerNumber 2 FlamethrowerType 93Type 95Type 100
Japanese Artillery
Anti-Aircraft Guns 2cm Type 22cm Type 987,5cm Type 47,5cm Type 117,5cm Type 888cm Type 38,8cm Type 9910cm Type 1412cm Type 312cm Type 1015cm Type 5Ho-103
Anti-Tank Guns 2cm Type 973,7cm Type 13,7cm Type 944,7cm Type 1
Field Guns 3,7cm Type 113,7cm Type 944,7cm Type 17,5cm Type 317,5cm Type 387,5cm Type 417,5cm Type 907,5cm Type 95
Howitzers 7cm Type 9210cm Type 1410cm Type 9112cm Type 3815cm Type 415cm Type 3815cm Type 96
Infantry & Mountain Guns 3,7cm Type 117cm Type 927,5cm Type 317,5cm Type 4110cm Type 99
Mortars 5cm Type 987cm Type 118,1cm Type 38,1cm Type 978,1cm Type 999cm Type 949cm Type 9712cm Type 215cm Type 9315cm Type 9515cm Type 9615cm Type 9732cm Type 98
Railroad Artillery 24cm Type 90
Rocket Artillery 20cm Type 440cm Type 4
Siege Artillery 24cm Type 4524cm Type 9630cm Type 7
Japanese Land Vehicle Weapons
Vehicle Machine Guns Type 91Type 97Vickers Mk I
Mortars 300mm Type 3
37mm Cannons Type 94Type 97Type 100Type 1
47mm Cannons Type 97Type 1
57mm Cannons Type 90Type 97
70mm Cannons Type 95
75mm Cannons Type 90Type 99 (I/II) • Type 3Type 5
105mm Cannons Type 91
150mm Cannons Type 38
Japanese Aircraft Weapons
Aircraft Machine Guns 7.7mm Type 897.7mm Type 9212.7mm Ho-10313mm Type 213.2mm Type 3
Aircraft Cannons 20mm Ho-120mm Ho-520mm Type 9930mm Ho-15530mm Type 537mm Ho-20350mm Ho-401

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