OverviewThe Type 94 Tokushu Keninsha (九四式軽装甲車 , Kyūyon-shiki keisōkōsha) abbreviated "TK" (special tractor) was a reconnaissance designed tankette that replaced the Type 92 Jyū-Sōkōsha. The tank was inexpensive to produce, at ¥50,000 per unit. The TK was used to great effect in armoured spearheads (a task it was not designed for) in the Second Sino-Japanese War, despite its minimal armour thickness, as Chinese anti-tank options were limited. Much like the Type 92 Jyū-Sōkōsha, modifications to the Type 94 TK did not have official names. Modifications include lengthening of the chassis, lowering and up-scaling of the rear idler wheel, in turn reducing ground pressure. Other variations replaced the standard Type 91 6.5mm with a Type 92 7.7mm. In late 1936 Ikegai Automobile developed a small diesel engine for a prototype TK. The prototype vehicle also mounted a Type 94 37mm. The size of the engine caused complications due to the small stature of the vehicle, and it was decided to design an entirely new tank. This led to the development of the Type 97 Te-Ke. The TK was quickly phased out of service in 1937. By then, Chinese forces had acquired a number of weapons which easily defeated the armour of the vehicle.
Adaption of the Type 94 TK to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile liquid dissemination chemical vehicle to scatter mustard gas.
Another adaption of the Type 94 TK to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile disinfecting anti-chemical agents vehicle to scatter bleaching powder to counteract the mustard gas.
Pole planting vehicle built off of Type 94 TK chassis. It was used to transport and to plant telegraph poles.
Cable laying vehicle built off of Type 94 TK chassis. Used to lay cables on telegraph poles placed by the Type 97 Pole Planter.
|Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII - Half-Tracks|
|Transport & Towing||Type 95 Kurogane • Type 98 Ho-Ki Prime Mover • Type 1 Ho-Ha|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||Ishikawan Jime|
|Amphibious Offensive||Type 2 Amphibious Wheel/Track|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun||Type 98 Ho-Ki SPAAG|
|Japanese Land Vehicles of WWII - Wheeled|
|Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars||British Crossley Mk I • Type 92 Osaka • Type 87 Armoured Car • Type 3 Sumida • Type 92 Chiyoda • Type 92 Chokei Sensha • Type 92 Kokusan|
|Transport & Towing||Nissan 180 • Nissan Model 97 • Toyota KB • Toyota KC • Type 94 Truck • Type 97 Truck • Type 1 Truck • Type 2 Truck|
|Staff Cars||Nissan 70 • Toyota Syoki • Type 92 Chiyoda • Model 93 Staff Car • Model 95 Kurogane • Nissan Model 97 Staff Car • Type 98 Staff Car|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun||Type 98 Ta-Se (truck)|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun||Nissan 80|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||Su-Ki Amphibious Truck|
|Motocycles||Model 97 Kurogane • Sanrinsha|