OverviewThe ZSU-57-2 Sparka is a Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft gun.
ZSU-57-2 stands for Zenitnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka (Зенитная Самоходная Установка) meaning "anti-aircraft self-propelled mount", '57' stands for the bore of the armament in mm, '2' stands for the number of gun barrels.
Built on the chassis of the T-54, the ZSU-57-2 is a Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft gun.
ZSU-57-2 Prototype 1
Prototype based on a T-54 tank chassis equipped with experimental tracks. Unlike the production ZSU-57-2, the prototype weighted 26.172 tonnes, carried only 252 rounds (172 rounds in clips inside the turret and 80 separate rounds in the nose part of the hull in a special ammunition stowage), had thinner armour (8-10mm), and antennae mounted at the rear of the turret upper right side instead of in the middle.
The first vehicle was built in June 1950, the second in December.
ZSU-57-2 Prototype 2
Improved prototype with an increased ammunition load of 300 rounds. Six were built between 1951 and 1953 for several service tests.
ZSU-57-2 Production 1
Mass produced between 1957 and 1960.
ZSU-57-2 Production 2
Armed with a modernized S-68A Autocannon. Like the original ZSU-57-2 production model, it entered service with the Soviet Army in 1955.
The turret was replaced with a steel closed superstructure. The vehicle was equipped with a BTS-55 Bulldozer blade.
Same turret as the ZSU-57-2, but armed with the Type 59 twin anti-aircraft autocannon (a copy of the Soviet S-68). This turret was mounted on the chassis of the Chinese Type 69-II MBT. It is heavier than the ZSU-57-2 at 30 tonnes.
ZSU-557-2 with hanging flap type fronts to its track guards.
Modernization equipped with radar.
Finnish designation for the ZSU-57-2.
Same as above but with a MG mounted on the front of the turret.
Finnish modernization of the ZSU-57-2. Equipped with radar and configurable ammunition. One prototype was produced but the project was abandoned because of high costs.
ZSU-57-2 converted into a training vehicle for T-54 drivers.
ZSU-57-2 turret mounted on the Type 59 MBT.
ZSU-57-2 fitted with improvised overhead armour to protect the gun compartment from attacks from above, as well as rain and snow. It also has an ammunition crate fitted to the glacis plate with serves as additional passive armour. Used mainly as a self-propelled gun.