The Type 59 (Chinese: 59式; pinyin: Wǔjiǔ shì; industrial designation: WZ-120) was a Chinese-produced version of the Soviet T-54A main battle tank, of the T-54/55-Series.

Chinese Variants

Type 59

Standard model. Entered production in 1957. No IR searchlight. Later IR searchlight was fitted to existing models.

Type 59-I

Improved variant with a different main gun. Laser rangefinder, hydaulic servo-system, primitive fire control system, automatic fire suppression system, and rubber track skirt. The Type 59-I includes several version with different armour and fire control configurations.

Type 59-II

WZ-120B. 105mm rifled gun, similar to the 105mm Royal Ordnance L7. A night intensification/infrared night sight, mass increased to 36.5t.

Type 59D

WZ-120C. Features ERA, computerized stabilized fire control system, the 105mm from the Type 59-II, and night vision system.

Type 59D1

Has a longer 105mm, 105mm Type 83A, which can fire ATGMs. Thermal sight.

Type 59G

An upgrade that might make the Type 59 3rd Generation. Redesigned turret, armour. Using a turret similar to the Type 96, a 125mm gun, modern fire control, arrow-shaped armour, spaced armour, possibly third generation subsystems.

Type 69/79-Series

Further development. Built by 617 Factory.

Type 62 Light Tank

Further development.

Type 73 ARV

Armoured recovery variant without a turret. Armed with a single 12.7x108mm NSV.

Foreign Variants

United Kingdom

Type 59 with 105mm L7

An upgrade package was offered to users of the Type 59.

Type 59 with Marksman Anti-Air System

The Marksman package was offered for the Type 59.



North Korea





Type 59BD

China PeopleRepublicChina Chinese (PRC) Land Vehicles after WWII China PLA
Tracked Vehicles
Light Tanks Light Tank WZ-131WZ-132ZTD-05ZTD-62 (-IG)ZTD-70ZTQ-96ZTQ-15
Light Tank, Amphibious ZTS-63 (I, II)
Light Tank, Command ZCL-45ZSY-45ZZZ-701
Infantry Fighting Vehicle ZBD-04 (A)ZBD-05ZBD-85ZBD-86ZBD-97
Medium Tanks Main Battle Tank WZ-120WZ-122ZTZ-59 (I, II, IIA, C, D, D1, G, 16)ZTZ-69 (I, IIA, III)ZTZ-79ZTZ-80 (II)ZTZ-85 (I, II, IIA, IIM, III)ZTZ-88 (A, B, C)ZTZ-90 (II, III)ZTZ-96 (A, B)ZTZ-98ZTZ-99 (A)
Main Battle Tank, Command ZZZ-59-IZZZ-69-IIB/C
Medium Tank [[]]
Heavy Tanks Heavy Tank WZ-111
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun & SAM PGZ (Type-65)PGZ-80PGZ-88PGZ-90 (IIIII)PGZ-95Project 301WZ-554
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Guided Missile ZDF-01ZDF-85ZDF-89
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun PTZ-59PTZ-85PTZ-89SU-100
Self-Propelled Howitzer PLZ-04PLZ-05PLZ-07 (A, B)PLZ-45PLZ-52PLZ-70PLZ-83PLZ-85PLZ-89PLZ-91
Self-Propelled Mortar YW-304YW-381
Self-Propelled Recoilless Gun [[]]
Self-Propelled Rocket Artillery PHZ-70PHZ-82PHZ-89
Explosive Related Mine Laying [[]]
Mine Clearing / Sweeping GSL-131
Misc Tanks Armoured Personnel Carrier YW535ZSD-63(A, C)ZSD-85ZSD-89 (II)ZSD-90
Armoured Recovery Type-79Type-84Type-653
Bridge Laying [[]]
Command ZZZ-89
Engineering & Maintenance GJT-211ZHB-94ZJX-93
Medical [[]]
Observation, Spotting & Survey GLC-45ZZC-01
RADAR [[]]
Reconnaissance ZTQ-62 (I, G)
Wheeled Vehicles
Offensive / Defensive Infantry Fighting Vehicles ZBL-09ZSL-92
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun PTL-02
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Guided Missile BJ212 HJ-8WZ-550
Self-Propelled Gun (Assault Gun) ZTL-09
Self-Propelled Howitzer PLZ-09
Self-Propelled Mortar PLL-05PLL-09
Self-Propelled Recoilless Gun BJ212 PWL78
Self-Propelled Rocket Artillery PHL-63PHL-81PHL-83PHL-90 (A, B)
Other Armoured Car [[]]
Armoured Personnel Carrier WZ-551ZFB-05ZSL-56ZSL-92
Cargo SX250
Command BJ212
Command, Amphibious BY5020TSL
Engineering [[]]
Fire Fighting [[]]
Infantry Mobility Vehicle [[]]
Medical [[]]
Observation, Spotting & Survey [[]]
Reconnaissance BJ212 ZCZZC-56
Transport & Towing EQ2050SQF2040
Utility [[]]